Collective labor agreements (CCT) in Geneva

CLA Geneva
Collective labor agreements, also known as CCTs, are agreements governing working conditions in a particular sector or profession.

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Collective bargaining agreements in the canton of Geneva

Collective labor agreements (CLA) in Switzerland: the essentials

What is a CLA?

A CLA is an agreement between employers or employers' associations and workers' unions. The main purpose of a collective bargaining agreement (CLA) is to regulate the working conditions and governs the relationship between the parties. The provisions contained in a CLA become part of the individual employment contract when the CLA takes effect.

A CLA automatically applies to workers who are members. In most cases, an employer does not have the choice of participating in a CLA in Geneva, but is subject to it by default. The rules governing CLAs are set out at Articles 356 to 358 of the Swiss Code of Obligations.

What should a CLA include?

Generally speaking, the CLAs in Geneva include provisions concerning minimum wages in the sector, working hours, vacations, 13th pay and employees' working conditions.

Types of CLA in Geneva

The company CLA

A company CLA is a agreement concluded by a single company. Its purpose is to regulate working conditions and relations between the parties. They apply solely to the employees of these companies. The list of companies with a company-wide CLA is available on the State of Geneva website.

The Sector CLA

Unlike the company CLA, the sector CLA is an agreement concluded by a group of companies. company group a specific sector and unions agreement. Like the company CLA, its purpose is to regulate working conditions and relations between the parties.

For example, the collective labour agreement for the cleaning industry in French-speaking Switzerland contains the following provisions rules to the individual employment contract, vacation periods, minimum wages according to occupational category, working hours and hours of work, vacations, insurance, etc.

The extended sectoral CLA

An extended sector CLA is, like the sector CLA, an agreement governing working conditions and the relationship between the parties (employer and employee). When a sector CLA is extended, this means that it is binding on all companies in the affected sector, even if they have not signed the agreement.

This type of CLA exists when there is reason to believe that employees in a certain sector are particularly vulnerable and should be protected. protected extensively. This is once again the case for cleaning, but also for structural trades.

What should a CLA contain?

Generally speaking, a CLA must include certain elements that are similar from one CLA to another. The most common elements are listed below.

Minimum wage

In most cases, a CLA will contain a "Wages" section, detailing the industry's minimum wages, often based on the worker's training (or experience). Minimum wages are generally indexed annually. 

Here is a example of base salaries in 2023 for the shell construction sector:

Collective bargaining agreements

Professional categories

In general, a CLA includes the industry's occupational categories. As mentioned above, occupational categories generally form the basis for minimum wages.

As an example, here are the occupational categories in the cleaning sector:

Example of occupational categories in a CLA

Vacations

CLAs also include a "vacation" section, governing employees' vacation entitlements.

As an example, here are the vacation in force in the hotel and catering sector:

Collective bargaining agreements

Employment contract

Normally, a employment contract in Switzerland can be concluded verbally. However, some CLAs require the employment contract to be in writing and to include certain mandatory elements. The CLAs requiring this usually provide a standard employment contract.

Other provisions

Although they have certain points in common, all CLAs are different, in order to best adapt to the specificities of the sector. For example, some CLAs may include provisions on break times, required work clothes, labor peace, treatment of discrimination, etc.

CLAs in force in Geneva by sector